British Standard 4994 Download Free. Only lists based on a large, recent, balanced corpora of English. Although there are many word and frequency lists of English on. Aug 30, 2017 - FRP tank construction standard.Missing. British Standard 4994 Download Skype. Trade manager helps buyside firms automate, manage and monitor OTC derivatives trade confirmations and the post trade process.
Communication Studies at Northeastern. Designed to provide a unique opportunity to engage faculty, professional staff, and peer mentors in small group discussions. Introduces students to the College of Arts, Media and Design. Offers students an opportunity to learn about the communication studies major and to explore the different areas of emphasis offered by the department. As part of the course, students are expected to prepare a detailed plan of study and are introduced to the co-op program and meet their academic co-op advisor.
Business and Professional Speaking. Designed to assist students in developing advanced public speaking and presentational skills for professional and leadership positions. Covers fundamentals such as audience, speech objectives and structure, and effective delivery. Emphasizes the production and successful interaction with electronic and traditional supportive media. Offers students an opportunity to develop their presentational skills in a variety of settings and realistic business tasks.
Principles of Argumentation. Considers how the theories and techniques of argumentation can be used to understand and promote differing points of view, explore ideas and alternatives, and convince others of the need to change or act. Starts with the principles of formal logic and introduces students to truth tables and diagramming techniques. Continues to discuss informal logic and modern argumentation theory, including argumentative reconstruction, argument structures, argument schemes and critical questions, as well as informal fallacies. Concludes with a discussion of the effective use of reasoning in society from a logical, dialectical, and rhetorical point of view.
Science, Communication, and Society. Introduces the major areas of research analyzing the role of communication and the media in shaping debates over science, technology, and the environment. Focuses on what U.S. National Academies calls the “science of science communication” to offer students an opportunity to acquire the knowledge necessary to assess the interplay between science, engineering, and society, including the implications for strategic communication, public engagement, personal decisions, and career choices. Examines the scientific, social, and communication dimensions of debates over climate change, evolution, human genetic engineering, childhood vaccination, food biotechnology, and other case studies. Covers how to find, discuss, evaluate, and use expert sources of information; to formulate research questions and expectations; to think effectively about professional situations and choices; and to write evidence-based, persuasive papers and essays. Sex, Relationships, and Communication.
Focuses on communication as it occurs in sexual and romantic relationships, specifically on the positive and negative role of verbal and nonverbal communication in these relationships. Topics may include the role of communication in interpersonal attraction, attachment, affection, love, sex, and relational duration and outcomes. May also introduce communication in other types of relationships, such as family and/or friendship, as points of comparison. Encourages students to explore the central place of communication in all aspects of sexual and romantic relationships and how communication may help them derive maximum social rewards.
Communication Theory. Explores communicative and cultural practice from a wide variety of theoretical perspectives. Considers a wide range of cultural practices, texts, and artifacts, including popular culture (television shows, movies, and video games); social media and online content; as well as organizational communication (press releases) and interpersonal interactions (conversations between romantic partners). Communication theory is based on two premises: Our cultural assumptions inform and shape our ability to communicate; and communication is the process through which culture is created, modified, and challenged.
Communication in a Digital Age. Cara Instal Flashtool Windows 7. Covers digital communication’s history, technical basis (“protocol” and the “Web” ), communicative effects, commercial applications, culture, and societal interactions.
Digital communication is central to contemporary life and is (consequently) often taken for granted, which this course seeks to remedy. Applies practical skills relative to theories about collaboration and cultural production and engagement with and analyses of online cultures. Offers students an opportunity to become effective online communicators—using practical exercises such as email filtering, online collaboration, and writing in a Web markup format—and to make use of critical thinking to understand and engage with issues such as online privacy, gender and racial bias, and marketplace credibility and fraud. Classical Foundations of Communication. Reviews the foundations of the field of speech and communication in ancient Greece and Rome. Topics include Aristotle’s ideas about persuasion, the sophistic tradition, the rhetorical theories of Cicero and Quintilian, and famous speeches of the golden age of Greece and Rome. Employs classical rhetorical theory as a mode of critical thinking and public involvement to study the processes of argumentation and persuasion in various interpersonal, political, academic, and pop culture settings.
Social Networks. Explores the use of social network analysis theories and methods to understand the growing connectivity and complexity in the world around us on different scales, ranging from small groups to the World Wide Web. Offers students an opportunity to see the world in a new way: using a network perspective. Covers a wide range of topics and applications relating to social network analysis. Discusses how social networks concepts, theories, and visual-analytic methods are being used to map, measure, understand, and design a wide range of phenomena such as groups and organizations, friendships and romantic relationships, social networking sites (Facebook), recommender systems (Amazon), online games and virtual worlds (Second Life), and the World Wide Web. Dark Side of Interpersonal Communication.
Offers students an opportunity to learn about some of the communicative challenges people face in starting, maintaining, and terminating close relationships. The “dark side” is a metaphor used to describe areas of interpersonal and relational communication that are underexplored or “lying in the shadows”; destructive or dysfunctional; and/or poorly understood or often misinterpreted. The dark side perspective acknowledges that while relationships are often a source of joy and satisfaction, they can also elicit feelings of uncertainty, frustration, and pain. Studies the ways in which communication can influence (and possibly resolve) turmoil in close relationships. Communication Research Methods.
Offers an overview of the concepts, methods, tools, and ethics of communication research. Introduces students to the basic statistical concepts used by communication researchers.
Designed to help students become knowledgeable consumers and limited producers of communication research. Offers students an opportunity to learn to read, interpret, and critically evaluate research reports. Exposes students to basic social science concepts and research designs and the fundamentals of conducting and analyzing research using surveys, experiments, and content analyses. Students conduct their own empirical research study as a final project, which entails research design, data collection, data analysis, and a written presentation. Producing for the Entertainment Industry.
Investigates the role of the producer in the production of content for traditional and new media venues. Explores a variety of distribution systems, including online channels, mobile video, terrestrial/satellite radio, documentary film, and independent films, among other platforms. Examines the producer’s role in story conceptualization, budget planning, preproduction, and marketing. Through a series of discussions, screenings, homework writing assignments, and in-class writing workshops, offers students an opportunity to gain the skills to produce commercially viable content.
Sound Production for Digital Media. Designed to prepare students to work with audio in modern media settings. Introduces the process of planning, preparing, producing, and evaluating audio production styles and techniques. Through a series of discussions, screenings, homework, and in-class exercises, offers students an opportunity to gain the skills needed to produce successful audio recordings. Exposes students to the elements and terminology of audio production as they record, mix, and produce their own original projects. Broadcast Management and Programming. Examines television industry strategies for creating content, increasing revenue, and designing innovative distribution systems to reach increasingly elusive audiences.
Studies what tactics and strategies networks are using to leverage the power of prime-time programs; the opportunities and challenges for networks in producing quality online content; and how TV programmers can engage audiences through “second screens” and social TV apps. Analyzes the external influences on programming, including the sway of advertisers, government regulations, self-regulation, and FCC rulings. Investigates economics, marketing, promotion, advertising, media research groups, and audience ratings across digital platforms. Through a series of discussions, screenings, homework writing assignments, and in-class writing workshops, offers students an opportunity to gain the skills to produce commercially viable television shows. Communication Law. Introduces the fundamental principles of communication law and ethics. Explores the complex interplay between law (the First Amendment) and ethics (personal and professional responsibilities).
Topics covered include blasphemy, commercial speech, copyright, defamation, fighting words, free press/fair trial, hate speech, heresy, incitement, obscenity, political speech, pornography, prior restraint, public forums, special settings (such as schools, prisons, and the military), symbolic speech, threats, and time-place-manner restrictions. Emphasizes ethical issues involving privacy, accuracy, property, and accessibility.
The transcendent question in communication law and ethics is whether it is right to exercise the rights granted communication professionals under the First Amendment. Free Speech in Cyberspace. Examines the extension of communication law to the Internet, assesses a range of pending proposals designed to regulate free speech in cyberspace, and discusses a variety of national and international schemes intended to govern the developing global information infrastructure. Considers free speech (political speech, sexually explicit expression, and defamation); intellectual property (trademark and copyright); and emerging issues (privacy, unsolicited commercial email or spam, schools, and international law). Does not cover issues related to electronic commerce or contracts, gambling, personal jurisdiction, or Internet taxation. Games for Change. Offers students sound introduction to the psychological and behavioral theories of entertainment media with the goal of implementing these theories to the future design and evaluation of games for change.
Focuses more on the psychological, behavioral, and social aspects of video games than on pure technical aspects. Organized around a collection of selected readings and real-world games and discussions.
The final project is based on reflective thinking, critical evaluation, and creative application. And are cross-listed. The Business of Entertainment. Examines business issues associated with the entertainment industry.
Through lectures, guest lectures, and case studies, introduces students to financing, contracts, intellectual property issues, licensing, product placement, marketing and publicity, ratings, the impact of piracy, understanding and leveraging new technologies, and distribution. Offers students an opportunity to master these concepts by organizing into teams and developing an original entertainment industry business product or services.
Requires each team to develop a formal business plan that includes a market analysis, a budget, and a marketing plan. Communication and Inclusion. Explores theoretical and practical issues in the relationships between communication, social identity, and social inclusion.
Focuses on how communication shapes perceptions and positions of salient social identity groups and how individuals and groups resist and transform identity and promote inclusion through communication. Specifically focuses on communication and inclusion in the contexts of gender, race, sexual identity, social class, ability, and age. Course topics cover a range of theoretical and practical issues, including diversity in organizational settings and the social construction of identity. And are cross-listed. International Communication Abroad.
Applies communication theory and practice to a wide range of documents, artifacts, museums, and landmarks. Available to students participating in a Dialogue of Civilizations sponsored by the Department of Communication Studies. Content is adapted by the faculty depending on the location of the class.
For example, students may study the classical foundations of communication and contemporary political discourse in Athens or British history and documentary film production in London. Often includes meetings with foreign professors, government officials, community organizers, and local artists that have shaped their own country in unique and innovative ways. May be repeated without limit. Production Practicum Abroad. Combines the process of filmmaking with exploring Britain’s multicultural society, offering students an opportunity to obtain firsthand experience to develop a deeper, more complex understanding of the culture, particularly as it is evident in London. Covers all aspects of field production from the preproduction process of intensive research and development of story ideas to the technical aspects of filming, lighting, sound recording, digital editing, and graphics.
Students work with remote video equipment that includes HD cameras, audio, and remote editing equipment. Taught in London. Political Communication. Reviews the construction and influence of rhetoric in political campaigns, particularly contemporary presidential campaigns. Also studies the impact of mass communication on the outcome of elections. Offers students an opportunity to analyze artifacts from recent political campaigns such as stump speeches, campaign debates, campaign advertising, and formal campaign speeches such as nomination acceptance addresses, concession and victory speeches, and inaugural addresses. Argumentation Theory.
Studies the conditions of successful and valid human reasoning as manifested in its products (arguments) and procedures (debates and critical discussions). The first half of the course explores the ethical and structural fundamentals of argumentation, including its main theorems regarding argument schemes and critical questions, argument structures and reconstruction, and fallacies and felicity conditions of valid reasoning. The second half engages contemporary trends in argumentation studies, including the formalization of arguments and its diagramming for artificial intelligence, the contextualization in different societal domains (politics, health, private and public discourse), and the translation of argument theory into pedagogical practice. Great Speakers and Speeches 2, 1930–Present. Reviews significant moments of oratory from 1930 to the present, assessing them in the historical context in which they occurred. Offers students an opportunity not only to understand the way that history prompts public discourse and how that discourse shapes history but to learn critical approaches to better understand the rhetoric of this period.
Emphasizes the analysis of rhetorical texts but adds to it the contemporary dimensions of sound and images. Voice-Over Artist. Introduces voice-over acting techniques for TV commercials, radio, multimedia, and various styles of presentation for both audio and video projects. Offers students an opportunity to uncover and develop their vocal range as narrator, announcer, character, and spokesperson with effectiveness and emotional authenticity. Covers both the “business” and the technical aspects of being a voice talent. Includes the use of microphones, headphones, and recording equipment while in our audio lab. Studies the essentials of vocal techniques, studio etiquette, and working with direction during a studio session.
Environmental Issues, Communication, and the Media. Analyzes major debates over the environment, climate change, and related technologies such as nuclear energy, wind power, natural gas “fracking,” and food biotechnology. Studies the relevant scientific, political, and ethical dimensions of each case; the generalizable theories, frameworks, and methods that scholars use to analyze them; and the implications for effective public communication, policymaker engagement, and personal decision making.
Offers students an opportunity to gain an integrated understanding of their different roles as professionals, advocates, and consumers and to improve their ability to find and use expert sources of information; assess competing media claims and narratives; write persuasive essays, analyses, and commentaries; and author evidence-based research papers. Communication and Sexualities. Analyzes the ways in which sexualities intersect with issues relating to interpersonal communication, mediated communication, popular culture, identity, and social movements.
Discusses outing, media representations, queer identity development, and the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Covers theoretical perspectives from communication and other social science disciplines, gender and sexuality studies, and cultural studies. Students work with a variety of materials, contemporary and historical, theoretical and empirical, fiction and nonfiction. Offers students an opportunity to design, conduct, and write their own original empirical research paper relating to sexualities and communication using class content as a theoretical framework. And are cross-listed. Communication, Politics, and Social Change. Examines the place of race, gender, and sexual identity in American politics and public discourse.
Emphasizes the role of communication in public attitudes toward identity, the role that identity plays in electoral politics, and how public policy and social change are made. Explores how public debate on issues related to identity influences how Americans think about the rights and place of minorities in society. Public discourse is defined broadly here—it encompasses different types of communication, from news stories and presidential speeches to sermons by clergy, television sitcoms, and film. And are cross-listed. Critical Thinking about Public Relations Strategies. Designed to bring together upper-level students from multiple disciplines who are interested in taking a microscopic view of how issues are purposefully driven by professionals interested in promoting causes, political candidates, public policy, and corporate image. Examines how corporations and others make decisions and which theories of institutional behavior best explain those choices.
Are companies motivated solely by economics as Marx would argue, or do they approach their image in a more functional way? Are the messages of politicians determined by race and class, or do they respond to a different framework? Requires students to follow current issues and dissect significant past campaigns. Knowledge of public relations tactics is helpful but not necessary.
And are cross-listed. Television Studio Production. Introduces the process of planning, preparing, producing, and evaluating studio productions. Exposes students to the elements and terminology of studio production using multiple cameras, live switching, audio mixing, and studio lighting. Through a series of discussions, screenings, homework, and in-class exercises, offers students an opportunity to obtain skills in the basics of directing creative and technical talent and the skills needed to produce successful television studio productions. Special Effects and Postproduction for Television. Explores a variety of approaches to making special effects for film, video, and the World Wide Web.
Offers students an opportunity to utilize cutting-edge technology and to apply state-of-the-art techniques to design and produce innovative special effects. Explores historical, technical, and theoretical aspects of special effects. Topics covered include compositing, matte painting, multiplane animation, explosions, smoke, three-dimensional lighting, particle emitters, chroma keying, motion graphics, video tracking, and more.
Health Communication Campaigns. Offers an in-depth look at how persuasive health campaigns are designed and executed. Discusses how campaigns are designed to intentionally influence awareness, knowledge gain, and attitude/behavior change. Offers students an opportunity to obtain skills to design and evaluate campaigns through the completion of their own campaign projects and to learn about visual and verbal arguments and the unique ethical and other considerations of health campaigns. Sex and Interpersonal Communication. Builds on health and interpersonal communication courses. Offers students an opportunity to explore interpersonal communication and its relation to sex and romance.
Explores how overarching structures regarding sex influence the interpretation of modern social issues. Investigates major research on emerging contemporary topics as they relate to the study of sex and interpersonal communication. Focuses largely on topic areas including deception, divorce, political life of children, eugenics, and HIV/AIDS advancements. Communication and Quality of Life. Seeks to further develop an understanding of the function of communication in life and how that relates to quality of life. Examines the communicative experiences of organizations and relationships using both theoretical approaches and practical experience.
Students participate in activities designed to develop knowledge and skills necessary to successfully analyze and address ethical and interpersonal communication issues. Offers students an opportunity to be able to reflect on and assess one’s own competence in communication and how one’s communication affects one’s quality of life and to respectfully consider the ethical complexities of quality-of-life issues in both organizational and interpersonal settings. Consultation Skills. Introduces the theoretical frameworks necessary to engage in a broad range of consulting activities (management consulting or organizational training and development). By studying nonprofit organizations in the Boston area, offers students an opportunity to learn how to gather and analyze data, to use mathematical methods to perform critical analysis, and to evaluate and critique choices made in the presentation of data. Requires students to make a formal report to the organization and to write a paper reflecting on the organization and its mission in the context of broader social, political, and economic issues. Emphasizes ethical considerations involving security, privacy, and fairness.
Nonverbal Social Interaction. Offers analytic insight on methods people use to communicate different types of social action through body language. Much of our communication is nonverbal, as it is through our body language that we initiate new relationships (both personal and professional) and communicate anger, frustration, happiness, and grief. Offers students an opportunity to develop an understanding of the tools needed to examine the role nonverbal behaviors (body orientation, gaze direction, gesture, laughter, etc.) have in conveying meaning and constructing and negotiating interpersonal relationships. This course incorporates materials from communication, psychology, anthropology, and sociology.
Advocacy Workshop. Designed to engage students in a project that directly benefits local nonprofit organizations. Using the service-learning model, offers students an opportunity to gain the skills needed to effectively advocate for a cause and then actively participate in public service. Students are expected to write public advocacy policies that are tailored to the organization’s needs, to meet with state legislators to advocate for the disadvantaged, and to create media plans and pitch news articles to publicize their efforts.
Youth and Communication Technology. Examines how meanings of “youth” and “communication technology” shift in relation to one another and to broader changes in society, culture, politics, and the economy over time. Analyzes how communication technologies (and the content they deliver) positively and negatively affect the social, emotional, and cognitive development of young people and how these changes are influenced by the particular family, school, community, and institutional contexts in which children grow up. Examines how young people differ individually across the life span as well as collectively by class, race, ethnicity, nationality, gender, sexuality, and disability. Requires a final paper at the end of the term in which students articulate and defend positions about youth and communication technology.
Strategic Communication Capstone. Offers students an opportunity to complete a semester-long, intensive research and writing capstone project related to the field of strategic communication. Research topics can span business, politics, advocacy, entertainment, public health, the environment, and other societal sectors. Building on previous course work, students have an opportunity to gain a deeper scholarly and professional understanding of strategic communication; cultivate professional and academic contacts; and demonstrate mastery of relevant theoretical concepts, professional principles, research methods, and writing approaches. Encourages students to share and translate their findings for relevant academic and professional communities. Online Communities.
Considers the question of whether or not online communities are “real.” Scholars conclude they are real, describing how people share enduring activities, identity, and relations online. Covers related issues of online communities, including formation, governance, conflict, and exit. Offers students an opportunity to obtain an understanding of community and how this relates to topics such as behavior, identity, and language online. Reviews contemporary issues and concerns. Engages the question and practice of what it means to develop and maintain a successful online community. Crisis Communication and Image Management.
Examines theories, models, and strategies related to crisis communication and establishes ethical principles regarding what, how, and when essential elements must be employed for effective and ethical crisis communication. Offers students an opportunity to learn how to distinguish between an incident and crisis; to analyze communication practices and methods applied during a crisis; to apply social scientific theory to explain how and why a crisis occurred; and to draw upon theory to develop effective crisis communication plans. Assesses responses to crises using ethical principles such as transparency, two-way symmetrical communication, and timing.
Designed to prepare communication professionals who appreciate the need for responsible advocacy when responding to crises. Advanced Digital Editing for TV and Film. Introduces Media Composer effects and seeks to prepare students for real-world editing sessions. Covers intermediate audio and video-editing techniques, nesting effects, video layering, and features from the 3D-effect palette.
Students should be comfortable working in a nonlinear editing environment and have a clear understanding of the basic features on Media Composer, as well as practical experience in audio mixing, nonlinear editing, and working with third-party graphics. Organizational Communication Practicum.
Focuses on internal newsletters, department brochures, and electronic and conventional bulletin boards, some of the methods that organizations use to communicate with their internal audiences. This practicum requires that students serve as designers and creators of communication instruments to be used in the Department of Communication Studies. Interested students must complete an application in the department office.
May be repeated without limit. Theories and Practices in Communication, Media, and Cultural Studies. Examines the foundational concepts underlying cultural studies with an emphasis on critical theories of the media and communication practices. It is intended to provide an understanding of how cultural studies approaches developed and evolved, assessing the major theoretical interventions within historically specific conjunctions.
Analyzes the means through which power and hegemony are established and maintained in contemporary society, the alignment of culture and ideology, representation and the role of the media in the construction of social identities, and issues of global media and transnational communication in the contexts of postcolonial politics and postmodern thought. Cultural Studies of Everyday Life. Examines key theories and approaches to popular culture and the intersection of media and culture formations. Encourages students to explore the textual construction of meaning and the negotiated processes of understanding “the everyday” as a contested site for political and social struggle. Aspects of the course offer innovative approaches to research methods and methodologies that include ethnographic and related analytical tools and strategies.
Students have the opportunity to engage in an open-ended way with established and emerging academic approaches to the study of everyday life that are at the cutting edge of cultural and media studies. Representations of Race and Difference. Approaches race as central to our understanding of contemporary national, transnational, and global culture. Examines the construction and deployment of race and difference through a range of theoretical and methodological lenses that highlight the challenges of multicultural communications. In doing so, the course connects historical narratives and imagery of race to current representations, encouraging students to think critically about race and difference through a variety of media productions, including television, film, and music.
Visual Communication Culture. Examines theories of visuality and visual culture focusing on the analysis of images as texts. Explores some of the following issues to help students more fully understand images and the visual as a contested arena in which cultural meanings are constituted: the nature of representation, the construction of meaning, and the management of perception in and through image making; the organization of visual languages by institutions of meaning; the role of the viewer in the construction of image meanings and the rearticulation of these meanings into everyday lived culture. Cultural Industries. Examines the intersection of media studies and associated cultural formations within an interdisciplinary framework derived from political economy and institutional economics.
Offers students the opportunity to develop a critical approach to analyzing how the prevailing structural arrangements associated with media production and culture in contemporary society play out and the alternative approaches that have been devised. It also seeks to provide students with a perspective on the development of cultural policy studies and its various typologies in national and global contexts. Directed Study. Offers an opportunity to work with a nominated faculty advisor with a specialization in an acknowledged area of communication studies. Under instruction from the advisor, students have an opportunity to identify an area of study that combines theory and practice and, in association with the advisor, generate a course of study that includes detailed reading and writing projects in the area of specialization. Students are encouraged to develop projects based on areas of specialization that reflect expertise and interest.
May be repeated without limit.
BS4994 (formally: 4994:1987) is the 'specification for the design and construction of vessels and in '. It specifies a code of practice for use by manufacturers of such containers. With the publication of BS EN 13121-3, BS 4994:1987 Specification for design and construction of vessels and tanks in reinforced plastics is declared obsolescent, which will still cover those tanks still in service as tanks made from GRP are generally accepted to have a long working life. Dual laminate construction, simple FRP with glass mats, or a combination of unidirectional filament winding are common.
DUAL LAMINATE: A lining material, preferably 3mm to 5mm thick sheet functions as a corrosion barrier. This thermoplastic liner is not considered to contribute mechanical strength. FRP which is constructed over this lining provides the strength requirements for materials to withstand design conditions like pressure, vacuum, hydrostatic load, etc.
The choice of thermoplastic is based on the chemical corrosion requirement of the equipment.,,,,, are used as common thermoplastic liners. FRP (GRP): Glass mats in the form of chopped strand mat and woven roving is most common in hand lay-up method. These mats are laid on the mold and impregnated with 'initiated' resins like polyester, epoxy, vinyl ester, bisphenol epoxy vinyl ester, etc. The choice of resin is based on the chemical corrosion requirement of the equipment. An earlier version of the specification was BS 4994:1973. NEW LOAD UNITS: It is to avoid the uncertainty associated with specifying the thickness alone, that BS4994 introduced the concept of 'unit properties'. It is property per unit width, per unit mass of reinforcement.
For example, UNIT STRENGTH is defined as load in Newtons per millimeter (of laminate width) for a layer consisting of 1 kg of glass per square meter, i.e., the unit is N/mm per kg/m2 glass. This standard still remains as most popular reference material for Further reading [ ] • BS 4994:1987 – Specification for design and construction of vessels and tanks in reinforced plastics. British Standards. ESR Technology.
Archived from on 2007-05-12. — a case study of the design process of a cylindrical vessel, using the BS 4994 methodology • • See also [ ] •.